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An Tir COS: Glossary


An Tir College of Scribes Badge and Title
  An Tir College of Scribes Moto

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cribal Contacts

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cribal Contests

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An Tir College of Scribes - Glossary

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A

address : the required phrase on an award document, which names the intended audience, i.e., May all throughout the Kingdom know…

affirmation : the required phrase on an Achievement document, which affirms the name and arms of the recipient, i.e., I, Black Lion Herald, do attest that this document bears true arms

anthropomorphic initial : a decorated letter that begins a major division of text and is formed from the human figure

antiphonal : a large book containing the music and songs of the “Divine Office” and placed so that the entire choir can view it

An Tir College of Heralds, The : the organization in the Kingdom of An Tir whose members are responsible for Kingdom, Civic and Personal Book Heraldry, Court Heraldry and Field Heraldry and for maintaining the Order of Precedence of the Kingdom of An Tir

An Tir College of Scribes, The : the organization in the Kingdom of An Tir whose members are responsible for creating the hand-made records which document the awards, tokens and favors given to the populace by Their Royal Majesties An Tir

An Tir Domesday Bokes, The : the books created by the Scribes of An Tir in the 20th and 40th year of the Society, which contain calligraphed and illuminated pages documenting the state of the geographical branch holdings of the Kingdom of An Tir

An Tir Great Seal, The : a wax seal created by taking an impression from the Great Seal Matrix, and which is placed by Their Royal Majesties on documents of record

An Tir Great Seal Matrix, The : the Great Seal Matrix is a piece of bronze round stock, carved on the flat with the heraldic device of the Kingdom of An Tir. The current Great Seal Matrix was created by Ian Cnulle in A.S. XXXII, and is the third such matrix used by the Kingdom (the others having been lost)

An Tir Order Precedence, The : an on-line listing of all the awards that have been given to An Tirians and the Rank of Precedence of each individual based on the status, date and time of the award

An Tir Roll of Arms, The : an on-line database, which displays the registered heraldic devices of the populace of An Tir

An Tir Signet Ring, The : the Signet Ring is a small silver seal Matrix shaped in the form of a ring, carved on the flat top with the heraldic device of the Kingdom of An Tir. Wax impressions are made from this ring and are sometimes used by Their Royal Majesties in place of the An Tir Great Seal

argent : in heraldic terms, this is the metal “silver”. Scribes often use the color “white” to depict this heraldic metal

armigerous : a person or a document bearing heraldic arms

ascender : the upper part of a letter which extends above the top of other lower case letters, i.e., the upper part of the letters b, d, f, h, k, l, and t

Augmentation of Arms : additional charge on a heraldic device given as an honor by Their Royal Majesties

award charter : a document given by Their Royal Majesties to a recipient of an award, which records the particulars of the award. An Award Charter is different from an original Scroll in that the artistic design of the Charter is mass reproduced on quality paper and these reproductions are then given out to the College of Scribes to hand paint and otherwise illuminate

Award of Arms : the first level of armigerous award bestowed by The Crown or the Coronet (with the Crown’s permission) which entitles the recipient to display their registered heraldic device as arms

azure : in heraldic terms, this is the color “blue”

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B

Baronial Scribe : the Branch Officer in a Barony who is on charge of the Scribal Activities of the Barony

benedictional : a book of prayers

bestiary : a book of stories and descriptions of diverse animals

bifolium : two pages formed from a single sheet folded down the middle

Black Lion Principal Herald, The : Black Lion Principal Herald is the Head of the An Tir College of Heralds. Black Lion signs and seals Heraldic Achievement Scrolls

Black Lion Seal, The : an approximately 2” diameter round wax seal impressed from the Black Lion Matrix. The image is of a Lion’s Head surmounting a pair of Herald’s Trumpets in saltire all on a checky field. The Heraldry for Known World Principal Heralds is tinctureless

Black Lion Signet, The : an approximately 1” diameter round version of the larger Black Lion Seal Matrix

blazon : the written description of a heraldic device. also see “emblazon”

boards : hardwood covers for manuscripts that are surrounded in soft leather to guard against humidity, dust and bookworms

book of hours : a small, normally illuminated book containing readings and prayers for use in private devotion

breviary : a book containing the public or canonical prayers for the canonical hours

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C

calendar : a listing of the feast days and saints days found in many religious manuscripts

calligraphy : the art of decorative handwriting

capitalis : a majuscule script composed of all capital letters

carbon ink : ink colored black by using soot

carta ejecutoria : a form of letters patent used in late medieval Spain

catchword : a word written in the margin on the last page of a gathering, being the first word of the next gathering

charter : an award scroll made by photocopying a master design onto fine paper and then having the scroll painted and illuminated by a member of the college of scribes

Charter Master : an award scroll for a commonly given Kingdom award that has been created for mass production

codex : a book

College of Heralds : an organization whose members are responsible for Civic and Personal Book Heraldry, Court Heraldry and Field Heraldry and for maintaining an Order of Precedence

College of Scribes : an organization whose members are responsible for creating the hand-made records which document the awards, tokens and favors given to the populace

colophon : an inscription added to the end of a book, which might provide the names of the primary scribe and/or illustrator or the owner of the book or the person who commissioned it. The scribe might also include some arbitrary thoughts about the book that has just been completed

Contingency Deputy : the official deputy of an office who will step in and do the work of the office if the current officer is incapacitated in some way

Coronet Scribe : similar to Their Majesties’ Royal Scribe, this scribe is in personal service to the Principality Coronets

corroboration and date : the required phrase on an award document that gives the verification, validation and date for the award, i.e., …all this We do confirm by Our hand and seal this <day> of <month> anno societatis <year>

Court Scribe : similar to Their Majesties’ Royal Scribe and the Principality Coronet Scribes, this scribe is in personal service to the Landed Barons and Baronesses

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D

descender : the lower part of a letter, which extends below the bottom of the other letters, i.e., the lower part of g, j, p, q and y

device : Personal Heraldic Arms

Dexter Gauntlet Herald, The : Dexter Gauntlet is the Deputy Herald in charge of recording awards in the An Tir Order of Precedence

diaper : a geometric pattern used as a background

diptych : two tablets hinged like a book

disposition : the required phrase on an award document that identifies the gift, i.e., do bestow upon [him/her/them] a <name of award or token>…

Domesday Boke : a book documenting the state of geographical holdings

doping wax : wax normally used in the jewel setting trade, but also used in An Tir for the making of wax seals

dorso : the left hand page of an open book, or the reverse side of a page or document, often abbreviated as d

drollery : amusing or grotesque characters included in illustrated letters or margins of manuscripts

ductus : the order and direction in which the strokes that make up a letter are executed

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E

edh : a character in the Old English alphabet that looks like a “d” with a crossing through the ascender and represents the sound th

emblazon : the graphic description of a heraldic device. also see “blazon”

evangelary : a book of readings or lessons for the mass

exemplar : a masterwork from which others are created, but also pieces that show off the abilities of a scribe

explicit : a heading indicating the end of a section of text

exultet roll : named for its opening word, the text on an exultet roll was divided into sections with illuminations upside down and interspersed in such a way that as the roll made its way over the ambo, the illuminations could be seen by the congregation

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F

fish glue : an adhesive obtained from boiling the skin and bones of fish often used in gilding

florilegium : anthology, or collection of extracts from various works

foliate initial : a decorated letter that begins a major division of text incorporating floral design in the letter design or surroundings

folio : a single leaf or page of a manuscript; they are numbered with r (recto) for the front or right hand page and v (verso) for the back or left hand page

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G

gathering : a bundle of cut parchment sheets that have been folded and stitched to form a section of a book prior to binding (also called a quire)

gesso : water based substance made of chalk or plaster of paris that is thickened with some type of glue and applied as the surface preparation for gilding

gilding : application of gold or silver leaf

gloss : a commentary or translation of manuscript text written between the lines of the text or in the margins of the text

gold leaf : gold beaten out into microscopically thin sheets and applied to manuscript illustration

gouache : a highly pigmented, opaque water based paint thickened with gum arabic, and/or honey

Goutte de Sang, Order of The : the An Tir Grant of Arms for excellence in Service

gradual : a book of music

Grant of Arms : the second level of armigerous award bestowed by The Crown which entitles the recipient to display their registered heraldic device as arms

Great Seal : a wax seal created by taking an impression from a Great Seal Matrix, and used on documents of record

Great Seal Matrix : the engraved object used to impress the design of the Great Seal into wax

Grey Goose Shaft, Order of The : the An Tir Grant of Arms for excellence in Archery

grisaille : in relation to manuscripts, miniatures or historiated initials, art executed in monochrome shades of grey

gules : in heraldic terms, this is the color “red”

gum arabic : a type of resin, water soluble, glossy and pigmentable used as a binder or thickener in inks and watercolors

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H

hand : the distinctive features of the handwriting of an individual scribe

Hastae Leonis, Order of The : the An Tir Grant of Arms for excellence in Heavy Combat

hard point : a stylus made of metal or bone used to make lightly scored ruling lines on parchment for guiding the placement of text and sometimes used to inscribe the outlines of the drawing

Herald : an individual who studies and practices, book, voice and court heraldry

heraldic device : the image (emblazon) and the description (blazon) of personal heraldic arms

herbal : a heavily illustrated and descriptive reference book of plants and their medicinal properties

historiated initial : a decorated letter that begins a major division of text, containing a narrative scene that relates to the text

hymnal : a book containing hymns, arranged according to saint’s feast days and the liturgical calendar

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I

illumination : the decoration of a manuscript with gold leaf. The term is used loosely, but not strictly correctly, to refer to any illustrated manuscript

illuminator : an artist who embellishes manuscripts

incipit : a heading indicating the beginning of a section of text

initial : a letter that begins a major division of text

indenture : a legal agreement in which the text is entered twice. The two halves a separated with a zigzag cut with one half given to each party in the agreement

ink : a weak, water soluble solution of carbon or an oak gall mixture used with quills and other pens to write letters

intitulation : the required phrase on an award document that states the titles and names of the Royalty, i.e., We, <name of Sovereign> by right of arms [King/Queen] of An Tir and <name of Consort> [King/Queen] An Tir…

iron gall ink : a brownish ink made from various formulations which included ferrous sulphate and oaks galls

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J

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K

Kingdom Scribe : the Greater Officer in the Kingdom of An Tir who has responsibility for scribal matters

knife : the tool used by a scribe to scrape mistakes from the parchment and cut or recut the nib of a quill. Often seen in portraits of scribes, being held in the left hand

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L

lead point : a piece of lead alloy used for sketching, underdrawing, ruling pages or instructions to scribes

leaf : one page of a book

lectionary : a book of Biblical readings for the mass

letters close : private letters or informal letters sent in a closed form

letters patent : royal letters initiating legal action sent in open form and certified by the royal seal. In the SCA this is the document given to an individual, which records a peerage level achievement of arms Patent of arms

ligature : the joining of two separate letters into a single new form

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M

majuscule : any script composed entirely of capital letters

manuscript : a document or book created entirely be hand

marginalia : things written or drawn in the page margins

matrices : the plural form of matrix

matrix : an engraved item used for impressing an image into wax

miniature : a stand-alone painting placed in a manuscript that is not part of the decorative initial or border. The words stems from the Latin word for red “minium” and does not refer to the size of the painting

minuscule : script composed of lower case letters

missal : a book containing the complete instructions, readings and music for the mass

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N

notification and exposition : the required phrase on an award document that declares the deeds and name(s) of the recipient(s), i.e., having weighed well the remarkable works and labors of <name(s) of recipient(s)>…

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O

O and A (oanda) : see Ordinary and Armory

oak gall : a hard growth on a young oak tree, produced as protection in the area where a gall moth laid it’s eggs. High in tannin, oak galls were picked before the new moth was mature and pulverized to be used as an ingredient in ink.

Or : in heraldic terms, this is the metal “gold”. Scribes often use the color “yellow” to depict this heraldic metal

Order of Precedence : The list of individuals sorted by the ranks of their awards

ordinal : book containing instructions for the conduct of services, but which did not contain the texts or prayers

Ordinary and Armory : this is the roll of registered names and arms of the SCA

Outline drawing : simple illuminations found in early manuscripts, where images are outlined in ink and then embellished with color tints

Ox Gall : a water soluble additive that makes water wetter

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P

palimpsest : a manuscript that has been scraped of ink and then reused

papyrus : a writing support used for manuscripts, made from reed fibers that have been beaten together in layers

parchment : a writing support used for manuscripts, made from animal skins that have been treated and prepared to accept ink and paint. Also termed “vellum”, however vellum is made from the skin of a calf, while parchment is made from the fattier skin of a goat or a sheep

Patent of Arms : the third level of armigerous award bestowed by The Crown to Knights, Laurels and Pelicans, which entitles the recipient to display their registered heraldic device as arms

patent rolls : rolls in the English chancery where copies of letters patent were recorded

pen : a tool for writing to hold and channel ink

pecia : system of transcription of books in some universities, by which students hired master copies in sections to make their own transcripts

pendant seal : a seal adhered to a hanging ribbon or a strip of parchment that has been woven through slits in the document

pigment : usually a vegetable or mineral matter used as the coloring agent in paint

plummet : a “lead point” made of red lead

pontifical : book containing the text of services to be performed by the bishop

pounce : powdered bone, chalk or white ash for rubbing on parchment to raise the nap which would provide tooth for the quill

pricking : pin marks made on the parchment for use in ruling straight and true lines

primary source : the writings of an author contemporary with the period under study, or a first hand witness to events, or an original document from the period under study

Principal Herald : the Greater Officer in a Kingdom who has responsibility for scribal matters and for signing and sealing achievement scrolls

Principality Herald : the Greater Officer in a Principality who has responsibility for heraldic matters

Principality Scribe : the Greater Officer in a Principality who has responsibility for scribal matters

private charter : a legal document or grant of rights instigated by an individual rather than by royal or statutory authority

processional : book containing prayers, hymns and litany for use during processions around a church of feast days

proper : in heraldic terms, this is the normal heraldic color of a thing, but is not always the color found in nature

prymer : a book of hours that is used for learning to read

psalter : a book containing the “Book of Psalms” from the Bible often ornamented with a miniature of King David

purple pages : parchment that has been dyed or painted purple that has been ornamented with gold, silver or white lettering and/or illumination

purpure : in heraldic terms, this is the color “purple”

Pursuivant : a herald

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Q

quire : a bundle of parchment sheets, also called a gathering, that has been folded and stitched to form a section of a book prior to binding

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R

rabbit hide glue : glue made from boiling bits of rabbit hide and used for adhering gold leaf to parchment

recto : the right hand page in a book or the front side of a single leaf

ritual : a book containing special ritualistic services

roll : a long narrow document, stored in rolled form

Roll of Arms : a collection of the emblazons (graphic representations) of registered personal arms

Royal Patent of Arms : the armigerous award bestowed by The Crown to Viscounties, Counties and Duchies, which entitles the recipient to display their registered heraldic device as arms

Royal Scribe : this scribe is in personal service to the Crown of An Tir and manages the award documents for Their Royal Court

rubric : a heading using red letters

rubricate the blazon : use red ink to write out the heraldic blazon

rubrication : the use of red lettering to distinguish titles and chapter headings

rubricator : the scribe who drew the rubric headings in a manuscript

ruling : the horizontal lines placed on parchment, which guided the straight and true placement of the text

Rule of Tincture : in creating a correctly designed heraldic device, the rule “Color may NOT be placed on Color and Metal may NOT be placed on Metal”

runes : an alphabet created in stick form for ease of carving and used in the early medieval period in Germanic societies

runestone : a commemorative stone carved with runes

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S

sable : in heraldic terms, this is the color “black”

Sable Lion Throne : this is a term used to describe the Crowned heads of the Kingdom of An Tir

Sable Sable Herald : this is the heraldic title of the An Tir Kingdom Scribe, aka Sable Sable - Kingdom Scribe. The individual serving in this position may use Sable Sable as their byname while in office

sacramentary : a service book of the mass containing only the sections intoned by the celebrant priest

saga : a heroic tale that was originally passed down through oral tradition

salutation : in a medieval charter, a formal greeting to those to whom the charter is addressed

scribe : a person who writes text on a manuscript and may sometimes also be the illuminator and rubricator

script : the form of letters that a scribe uses as a model and distinguished by majuscule (uppercase) and i>miniscule (lowercase) letters and by formata (formal) and cursive (rapidly written)

scriptorium : the place where scribes gather to write and illuminate manuscripts

scriptoriolum : a personal and small writing room of an individual

scrivener : a person who transcribes manuscripts

scroll : in the Kingdom of An Tir, this is the document made to record an award, token or favor given to an individual

seal : a piece of wax with the impression of a device indicating its authenticating authority

shell gold : bits of finely ground gold that have been suspended in a binder to be used as paint on a manuscript

signet : the small personal seal of an individual

signet ring : an engraved ring used for impressing an image into wax

stylus : a pointed instrument for writing on a wax tablet

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T

tabula : a display document made by attaching a sheet of parchment to a wooden board or frame

thorn : a character in the Old English alphabet that looks like a “y” and represents the sound th

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U

underdrawing : the sketch laid down before ink or paint was applied

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V

vellum : a writing support used for manuscripts, made from calf skins that have been treated and prepared to accept ink and paint. Also termed “parchment”, however parchment is made from the fattier skin of a goat or a sheep

vernacular : the writers native language as opposed to the Latin used in most medieval manuscript

verso : the left hand page in a book or the back side of a single leaf

vert : in heraldic terms, this is the color “green”

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W

warrant : an internal document initiating an action or legal process

wen or wyn : a character in the Old English alphabet that looks like a narrow “p” and represents the sound w

writ : a document bestowing privilege or issuing a command

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X



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Y

yogh : a character in the Old English alphabet that looks like a “z” and represents the sound y or g

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Z

zoomorphic initial : a decorated letter that begins a major division of text, containing a real or imaginary animals

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All works on this site are Copyrighted: 2006-2017. This is the web site of the AnTir College of Scribes of the Society for Creative Anachronism, Inc.
It is not a corporate publication of the Society for Creative Anachronism, Inc., and does not delineate SCA policies.